Pro act group – Proact Now http://proactnow.org/ Sun, 05 Dec 2021 08:49:08 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://proactnow.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/cropped-icon-32x32.png Pro act group – Proact Now http://proactnow.org/ 32 32 Sudanese group condemns UN call to support reinstated prime minister https://proactnow.org/sudanese-group-condemns-un-call-to-support-reinstated-prime-minister/ Sat, 04 Dec 2021 23:52:58 +0000 https://proactnow.org/sudanese-group-condemns-un-call-to-support-reinstated-prime-minister/

Harvests from silos in the port of Beirut will be composted and burned after the discovery of an insect infestation

BEIRUT: Tons of wheat, corn and barley stored at the port of Beirut since the devastating explosion that rocked the city 16 months ago must be disposed of as they are no longer fit for consumption, a- we aknowledge.

As temperatures change, molds, weevils and other insects have made it impossible to access the contents of the site’s silos without protective equipment; According to the World Health Organization, molds produce mycotoxins “which can cause a variety of adverse health effects and pose a serious threat to the health of humans and livestock … ranging from acute poisoning to long-term effects such as immune deficiency and cancer ”.

Before the explosion, the port’s silos held around 45 tonnes of wheat, barley and corn, most of which was lost in the explosion. Environment Minister Nasser Yassin said six to seven tonnes remained at the site.

Laboratory tests carried out on wheat samples in cooperation with the ministries of economy, agriculture and the environment, the American University of Beirut, Saint-Joseph University and the French Embassy, who called in experts, showed that crops “are not suitable for one or the other”. human or animal use.

In August, a year after the explosion, the remaining grains were removed from their silos and stored in the open to reduce the risk of accidental fires in hot weather, but had the effect of accelerating the disappearance of crops. suitable for consumption.

A committee formed under the government of former Prime Minister Hassan Diab failed to come to a solution.

Yassin told Arab News: “We have decided to ferment these quantities and turn them into compost to distribute for free to farmers, or turn them into industrial firewood to give to the Lebanese army to heat its units in the high mountains. , or donate it. to needy families living in cold regions.

He adds: “Converting them into compost makes it possible to avoid any process producing heavy metals, and we started this process with the help of MAN Group, which obtained funding from France to treat organic waste from the explosion, and had signed the contract with the Lebanese state in May.

The cereals should be transported to the municipality of Zahlé, which has a landfill capable of treating the waste and turning it into compost and firewood.

Yassin noted, “We are looking to produce 3,000 tonnes of compost and 3,000 tonnes of industrial firewood. So far, we have been able to produce 500 tons of compost, which is an organic fertilizer and will be distributed free of charge to farmers, and we have finished producing 1000 tons of industrial firewood through special presses.

“Indeed, this type of firewood does not last long while it is burning, but we hope that it will alleviate the distress of people who cannot buy diesel for heating during the winter and will slow down the phenomenon of cutting trees to secure firewood for homes as an alternative. diesel.

The port’s silos absorbed about 20% of the shock wave, resulting from the storage of 1,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate in the port alongside seized explosives. More than 220 people have died, more than 6,500 have been injured and the city’s waterfront has been destroyed.

Experts who initially examined the site stressed that the wheat silos, which were badly damaged, should be demolished as they were on the verge of collapse.

Former Economy Minister Raoul Nehme said in November 2020: “The government will demolish the silos due to public safety concerns.”

However, the Lebanese authorities have yet to take action.

The wheat silos consist of a giant 48-meter concrete structure built between 1968 and 1970, with an enormous storage capacity of over 100,000 tonnes.

Once considered a key element of Lebanon’s food security, the silos have now become the symbol of disaster.

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Missouri gun group says Greitens should apologize for anti-SAPA rhetoric https://proactnow.org/missouri-gun-group-says-greitens-should-apologize-for-anti-sapa-rhetoric/ Fri, 03 Dec 2021 21:56:32 +0000 https://proactnow.org/missouri-gun-group-says-greitens-should-apologize-for-anti-sapa-rhetoric/

“Unforgivable.” This is the message that a gun rights organization is sending to the former governor. Eric Greitens as he criticizes Missouri’s new gun law while candidate for the US Senate.

At the heart of the problem is Missouri Second Amendment Preservation Act – nicknamed SAPA – which came into effect in August. He declares federal laws that could restrict the possession of firearms among law-abiding Missourians as “invalid” and restricted law enforcement officers enforce federal firearms regulations that could be considered invalid under the law.

SAPA has gained national media attention, and some prosecutors and law enforcement officials have expressed concern that the law will prevent them from working with federal agents to tackle violent crime – an argument made by Greitens , a Republican, while running for the United States Senate.

“Unfortunately, some of the career politicians and RINOs [Republicans In Name Only] … What they did in this bill was they actually funded the police, ”Greitens said in a recent radio interview, using the pejorative for Republicans who may be considered left.

The former governor continued to argue that police officers were withdrawn from task forces targeting violent criminals

In a long videoAaron Dorr of the Missouri Firearms Coalition pleaded with Greitens to apologize to gun owners and promoters of the Republican bill Rep. Jered Taylor and Senator Eric Burlison, calling his comments “virtually unforgivable.” . Dorr also rebuffed arguments that SAPA funds police or prevents working with federal agents.

“Everything he said about politics was an embarrassment, and it was wrong, and it was a lie,” Dorr said.

Dorr continued to castigate Greitens for failing to advance gun ownership policies during his tenure as governor of Missouri. (Greitens was the 56th Governor of Missouri for a year and a half before he resigned amid campaign funding and allegations of sexual misconduct while facing possible impeachment.)

“For all your fancy campaign videos, Eric, you didn’t do anything for gun owners when you were governor. You did harmful things, in fact, instead, ”Dorr said. “So start by apologizing to everyone for not doing anything when you were able to help us. ”

“Eric Greitens clearly doesn’t understand how important the Second Amendment is to the Missourians,” Taylor said. “He obviously doesn’t understand what SAPA is doing and clearly he hasn’t read it. Greitens takes his arguments from the Democrats.

A spokesperson for the Greitens campaign did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Greitens is one of many GOP candidates to replace incumbent Senator Roy Blunt. Congressman Billy Long, Congressman Vicky Hartzler, Attorney General Eric Schmitt, Senate Speaker Pro Tem Dave Schatz and Attorney Mark McCloskey are also in the running for the GOP nomination.

“The Second Amendment is being attacked by Joe Biden and the attackers on the left,” Long told the Missouri Times. “Recently, Eric Greitens criticized and attacked Missouri’s Second Amendment Preservation Act, which protects Missourians from federal excesses and any changes Democrats attempt to make to the Second Amendment. Why does Eric Greitens side with Joe Biden, Kamala Harris and the Liberals on this? I have always protected and always will protect this fundamental right of Missourians. “

On an upcoming episode of “This Week in Missouri Politics,” Schatz said passing SAPA was one of the “top priorities” of the previous legislative session.

“I think it was essential and important that we adopted SAPA. I don’t know how you call it police funding, ”Schatz said.

Schmitt has defended SAPA in his role as Attorney General. He previously said, “The rights of Missourians and Americans to the Second Amendment are enshrined in the Constitution. I will defend these rights at all times.

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Hutchinson calls on farm group to help legislative session focus on tax cut proposals https://proactnow.org/hutchinson-calls-on-farm-group-to-help-legislative-session-focus-on-tax-cut-proposals/ Thu, 02 Dec 2021 10:43:44 +0000 https://proactnow.org/hutchinson-calls-on-farm-group-to-help-legislative-session-focus-on-tax-cut-proposals/

Gov. Asa Hutchinson on Wednesday asked those attending the Arkansas Farm Bureau’s annual convention for help in making next week’s special legislative session focus on lowering income taxes, not issues that will not be not in his call.

These issues include issues debated in public schools regarding the teaching of critical race theory and toilet use by transgender people.

“I ask for your help in making sure the message is: let’s lower our income tax rate, do our business and go home as the constitution requires and so watch this,” the Republican governor told several hundred of people. Little Rock to launch the 87th annual Arkansas Farm Bureau convention. “We ask for your support.”

The session would start on Tuesday.

Under Article 6, Section 19 of the Arkansas Constitution, a two-thirds vote of the 100-member Arkansas House of Representatives and the 35-member Arkansas Senate is required for lawmakers to remain in extraordinary session for up to 15 days to consider bills. not on the governor’s call for the special session. Lawmakers must first complete actions on items on the governor’s appeal, which they can do in a minimum of three days.

Several lawmakers said Tuesday that they plan to try to introduce legislation that would place further restrictions on abortion and critical race theory and other issues that should not be called upon by the law. extraordinary session.

Hutchinson said at the Farm Bureau convention that the state had reduced the highest personal income tax rate from 7% to 5.9% in his nearly seven years as than governor, and that’s a dramatic drop.

The bill that lawmakers will consider next week would reduce the maximum rate to 5.5% on January 1, and then to 5.3% on January 1, 2023, he said.

[RELATED: See complete Democrat-Gazette coverage of the Arkansas Legislature at arkansasonline.com/legislature]

If enacted, the legislation would mean more money in a farmer’s pocket that can be used to manage farming operations and provide for his family, and also more money in the pockets of his workers and workers. its communities, he said.

The bill would also reduce the top personal tax rate to 5.1% on January 1, 2024 and 4.9% on January 1, 2025, if the triggers are met.

Critics said the bill would greatly benefit high-income people at the expense of additional investment in needed public services.

Hutchinson countered that the bill is balanced, that all taxpayers get a cut, and would allow the state government to continue funding essential services.

Hutchinson said Wednesday he believes in the fundamental principle that the private sector should grow more than the public sector, so “we are doing it by lowering taxes.” His remarks drew applause at the convention, after asking if they supported the bill.

The income tax bill would also reduce the top corporate tax rate and consolidate the low and middle income tax tables.

The measure would also create a non-refundable tax credit for low-income people; make adjustments to smooth the fiscal cliff between tax tables; index the flat-rate levy on the consumer price index; create triggers for certain personal and corporate tax rate reductions; and rename the state long-term reserve fund to the catastrophic reserve fund.

Under a 2019 state law, the top corporate tax rate will drop from 6.2% to 5.9% on January 1.

The bill to be considered next week would reduce the corporate interest rate by 5.7% on January 1, 2023. This rate would fall to 5.5% on January 1, 2024, then to 5.3% on January 1 2025, if the tax reduction triggers are met.

The Ministry of Finance and State Administration predicted that the proposal would reduce the state’s general revenue by $ 135.25 million in fiscal year 2022, which began on July 1. Total general revenue reduction is expected to reach $ 307.4 million in fiscal 2023, $ 383.2 million in fiscal 2024, $ 459 million in fiscal 2025, and $ 497.9 million. dollars for fiscal year 2026.

CRITICAL BREED THEORY

Hutchinson said at the Farm Bureau convention that there are lawmakers who want to address other issues that are not his call for the special session.

But the Arkansas Constitution allows lawmakers to consider a wide range of bills in a regular session every two years, he said.

“They say we should be talking about critical race theory, which shouldn’t be taught in our schools, in our K-12 education systems,” Hutchinson said. “But that’s what our school boards are for. We don’t need state law to address this issue in a special session.”

There are also concerns about the use of toilets by transgender people in schools, Hutchinson said.

“Let our school boards act locally to solve these problems, we don’t need state laws,” he said.

When then asked if there was a bill dealing with transgender toilets, Hutchinson said that a lawmaker, whose name he refused to disclose, called him about the issue and “they understood very well that we had to keep this [session] concentrated.”

“I’m just using it as a general illustration,” he said.

Pro Tempore Senate Speaker Jimmy Hickey R-Texarkana and House Speaker Matthew Shepherd R-El Dorado said in interviews that they had not heard from any lawmakers wishing to introduce legislation addressing transgender toilets during the special session.

When asked if lawmakers should consider legislation addressing critical race theory, Hickey and Shepherd said they wanted lawmakers to focus on the elements of the governor’s appeal.

Sen. Trent Garner, R-El Dorado, and Rep.Mark Lowery, R-Maumelle, said separately on Tuesday that they plan to introduce legislation banning schools from teaching critical race theory, an academic and legal framework. which shows that systemic racism is part of American society.

Asked about Hutchinson’s remarks on critical racial theory legislation, Garner said Wednesday: “I think the governor needs to have a wake-up call on racist propaganda which is critical race theory.

“I think this is a critical time for Arkansas to resolve this issue.”

Garner said he believes lawmakers could review the bills at the governor’s request for a special session and then consider other measures in a few days.

Sen. Jason Rapert, R-Conway, said Tuesday he plans to try to introduce anti-abortion legislation at the special session that includes a Texan-style civil cause of action provision.

Hutchinson said he wanted to wait for the U.S. Supreme Court to provide more guidance on Texas law.

Information for this article was provided by Rachel Herzog of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.

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Results of the Extraordinary Meeting of SIWA Group Limited held on November 29, 2021. https://proactnow.org/results-of-the-extraordinary-meeting-of-siwa-group-limited-held-on-november-29-2021/ Tue, 30 Nov 2021 22:11:27 +0000 https://proactnow.org/results-of-the-extraordinary-meeting-of-siwa-group-limited-held-on-november-29-2021/

SIWA Group

ACN Limited

619 195 283

Level 28, 1 market street

Sydney NSW 2000

NSX OUTPUT

November 30, 2021

RESULTS OF THE EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS

SIWA GROUP Limited (NSX: SAA) (“Society“) notify in accordance with Article 251AA of the Corporations Act 2001 that the following results and statistics regarding each resolution that was examined at the Extraordinary General Meeting of Shareholders of the Company held on November 29, 2021.

The wording of each resolution and the distribution of votes cast in favor, abstention or against each resolution are described in the table attached with the summary of each resolution.

Board of directors

SIWA Group Limited

For more information, please contact: George Halikiotis

Company Secretary george.halikiotis@eakin.com.au

3175771_1 – Announcement to the market of the results of the EGM of November 2021.DOCX

TABLE OF PROXY RESULTS

RESOLUTION

RESOLUTION

FOR

OPEN(1)

TOTAL FOR

VERSUS

ABSTENTION

CARRIED / NO

TYPE

CARRIED

(% IN FAVOUR)

RESOLUTION A: AUTHORIZE

SPECIAL

9 668 640

654,310

10 322 950

3,092,950

0

CARRIED

VOLUNTARY WITHDRAWAL OF

(76.95%)

NSX OFFICIAL LIST

RESOLUTION B TO AUTHORIZE

SPECIAL

12 623 200

654,310

13,277,510

138,390

0

CARRIED

APPOINTMENT OF A COMPANY

(98.97%)

ADVISOR FOR ADVISING ON DEBT AND

INCREASE IN EQUITY TO MEET BUSINESSES

COMPANY OBJECTIVES

RESOLUTION C AUTHORIZING INITIAL

SPECIAL

9,895,920

654,310

10 550 230

2,865,670

509,600

CARRIED

PUBLIC OFFER OF PT SGP IN ORDER

(78.64%)

TO SUBSCRIBE TO THE OFFICIAL LIST

OF IDX

RESOLUTION TO AUTHORIZE THE PRO RATA

SPECIAL

9,480,930

742,020

10 222 950

2,865,670

509,600

CARRIED

ISSUANCE OF PT SGP SHARES IN

(78.11%)

MEMBERS OF THE COMPANY AND THEN

AUTHORIZE CANCELLATION OF

EXISTING SHARES HELD BY THE

COMPANY IN PT SGP

RESOLUTION E TO AUTHORIZE

SPECIAL

9,480,930

742,020

10 222 950

2,865,670

509,600

CARRIED

DIRECTORS SHOULD DISSOLVE PT SSI IF THEY

(78.11%)

BE APPROPRIATE

1Open proxies were sent to the chairman of the meeting, who, in accordance with the chairman’s intention expressed in the proxy form convening the meeting, voted in favor of all resolutions.

3175771_1 – Announcement to the market of the results of the EGM of November 2021.DOCX

The following describes the results of the special resolutions that were adopted at the extraordinary general meeting of the Company held on November 29, 2021:

Resolution A

Shareholders were asked to consider and, if they saw fit, to approve the following resolution as a special resolution:

  1. subject to the adoption of each other resolution and for the purposes of National Stock Exchange Listing Rule (NSX) 2.2 or any waiver granted with respect to such listing rule, that the Company seek approval the voluntary removal of the company from the official NSX list;

No member present and entitled to vote on this resolution has decided to vote.

Of the 24 valid proxies received, 24 proxies were entitled to vote on this resolution. Based on the votes received, the following result was declared:

  1. 10,322,950 votes were in favor of the resolution representing 76.95% of the total number of votes cast
  2. 3,092,950 votes were opposed to the resolution representing 23.05% of the total number of votes cast.

Resolution B

Shareholders were asked to consider and, if they considered it appropriate, to approve the following resolution as a special resolution:

  1. subject to the adoption of each other resolution, approval is given to enter into a mandate with an Indonesian underwriter and / or broker for a period of two (2) years from the date of this present Meeting to give its opinion on any debt or fundraising related to, and give effect to the Company’s business strategy, including the relocation of its head office to Indonesia;

No member present and entitled to vote on this resolution has decided to vote.

Of the 24 valid proxies received, 24 proxies were entitled to vote on this resolution. Based on the votes received, the following result was declared:

  1. 13,277,510 votes were in favor of the resolution representing 98.97% of the total number of votes cast
  2. 138,390 votes were opposed to the resolution, representing 1.03% of the total number of votes cast.

Resolution C

Shareholders were asked to consider and, if they saw fit, approve the following resolution as a special resolution:

  1. subject to the adoption of mutual resolutions, to approve and do whatever is necessary, including, but not limited to, the execution of any agreement, deed or document by the directors or officers of the Company for the Company’s majority-owned subsidiary, PT SGP, to be listed on the Indonesian Exchange (IDX);

3175771_1 – Announcement to the market of the results of the EGM of November 2021.DOCX

No member present and entitled to vote on this resolution has decided to vote.

Of the 24 valid proxies received, 24 proxies were eligible to vote on this resolution. Based on the votes received, the following result was declared:

  1. 10,550,230 votes were in favor of the resolution representing 78.64% of all the votes cast
  2. 2,865,670 votes were opposed to the resolution representing 21.36% of the total number of votes cast.

Resolution D

Shareholders were asked to consider and, if they considered it appropriate, to approve the following resolution as a special resolution:

  1. subject to the adoption of each other resolution, approval is given for the restructuring of the Company to the issue of pro rata shares to the members of the Company in the subsidiary majority owned by the Company PT SGP subject to the ‘cancellation and replacement of the Company’s stake in PT SGP; and

No member present and entitled to vote on this resolution has decided to vote.

Of the 24 valid proxies received, 24 proxies were entitled to vote on this resolution. Based on the votes received, the following result was declared:

  1. 10,222,950 votes were in favor of the resolution representing 78.11% of all the votes cast
  2. 2,865,670 votes were opposed to the resolution representing 21.89% of the total number of votes cast.

Resolution E

Shareholders were asked to consider and, if they saw fit, to approve the following resolution as a special resolution:

  1. subject to the adoption of each other resolution, approval is given to the directors and officers of the Company to do all necessary things, including the execution of any document whatsoever to give effect to the liquidation of the subsidiary of PT SGP PT SSI in the event that the Council deems fit to liquidate PT SSI
    such that the shareholders of the Company will be able to implement its proposed restructuring in order to achieve its business objectives if all resolutions are approved. ”

No member present and entitled to vote on this resolution has decided to vote.

Of the 24 valid proxies received, 24 proxies were entitled to vote on this resolution. Based on the votes received, the following result was declared:

  1. 10,222,950 votes were in favor of the resolution representing 78.11% of all the votes cast
  2. 2,865,670 votes were opposed to the resolution representing 21.89% of the total number of votes cast.

3175771_1 – Announcement to the market of the results of the EGM of November 2021.DOCX

Disclaimer

Siwa Group Ltd. published this content on 01 December 2021 and is solely responsible for the information it contains. Distributed by Public, unedited and unmodified, on November 30, 2021 10:10:04 PM UTC.

Public now 2021

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Apple sues NSO group for targeting iPhone users with powerful exploits https://proactnow.org/apple-sues-nso-group-for-targeting-iphone-users-with-powerful-exploits/ Mon, 29 Nov 2021 20:03:00 +0000 https://proactnow.org/apple-sues-nso-group-for-targeting-iphone-users-with-powerful-exploits/

of [applauds-super-cautiously] department

The year of hell for the NSO Group continues. Apple is now suing Israeli exploit peddler for hacking into the iPhones of its clients – clients who include not only suspected terrorists and dangerous criminals that NSO claims its clients target with malware, but also journalists, activists, lawyers, ex-wives, religious leaders, U.S. citizens and government officials, according to NSO clients not target.

Apple isn’t the first major tech company to sue NSO for its malware. Facebook and WhatsApp sued NSO in 2019, alleging that using WhatsApp to deploy powerful exploits violated WhatsApp’s terms of service. While this is almost certainly true (deploying malware through WhatsApp is certainly not allowed), WhatsApp appears to want a decision that would expand the definition of “unauthorized access” under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA). ) which has already been stretched several times by DOJ prosecutors.

On the one hand, it would be undeniably nice to see NSO get slapped with an order denying them access to WhatsApp and its users, on the other hand, it would not be useful at all to turn research (security and others). ) that violate the terms of the sites of use in a federal crime.

Unfortunately, Apple trial [PDF] seems to be asking for something along the same lines. It also expands the definition of legal status, claiming it has the right to sue on behalf of its users because the reaction to the NSO malware deployment has caused it to spend some of its billions to close loopholes. of security.

That being said, Apple’s legal representatives know how to initiate legal action. Here is the first paragraph of the introduction to the combination:

The defendants are notorious hackers, amoral 21st century mercenaries who have created highly sophisticated cyber surveillance mechanisms that invite routine and flagrant abuse. They design, develop, sell, ship, deploy, operate and maintain malicious and destructive spyware and spyware products and services that have been used to target, attack and harm Apple users, Apple products and Apple. For their own business gain, they allow their customers to abuse these products and services to target individuals including government officials, journalists, businessmen, activists, academics, and even US citizens.

Hi. This is not going to help NSO’s probably permanently damaged SEO. The following paragraph builds on NSO’s reputation as an “amoral mercenary” by pointing to the recent blacklisting of the company by the US Department of Commerce – an act that almost never targets companies operating in countries other than the United States. United States sees it as close allies.

He follows these accusations with NSO’s own confession of wrongdoing.

NSO admits that its destructive products have led to violations of “basic human rights,” which have been widely recognized and condemned by human rights groups and governments, including the US government. To ensure that their products can be used by others with maximum effect, NSO would provide ongoing technical support and other services to its customers when they deploy NSO spyware against the products and users. from Apple, including journalists, human rights activists, dissidents, government officials and others. More recently, the Guardian reported that six Palestinian human rights defenders, one of whom is also a US citizen, were attacked and monitored using NSO spyware. Although NSO claims its spyware “cannot be used to conduct cyber surveillance in the United States,” US citizens have been monitored by NSO’s spyware on mobile devices that can cross international borders.

Then he starts talking about the damage Apple has suffered as a result of NSO customers targeting iPhone users.

Defendants force Apple into continuing arms race: Even as Apple develops solutions and improves the security of its devices, defendants are constantly updating their malware and exploits to overcome Apple’s own upgrades. Apple security.

These constant recovery and prevention efforts require significant resources and impose enormous costs on Apple. The defendants’ illegal malware activities have caused and continue to cause significant damage to Apple in excess of $ 75,000 and in an amount to be proven at trial.

This is the amount of damages necessary to maintain a trial in federal court. But later in the lawsuit, Apple specifically cites the CFAA-amended law and cites a much lower price for the actual pecuniary damage.

The defendants’ actions caused Apple a loss as defined by 18 USC § 1030 (e) (11), in an amount greater than $ 5,000 over a period of one year, including the expense of resources to investigate and remedy the conduct of the defendants.

This puts the CFAA on the line as Apple defends its users’ name and its own defensive efforts. But standing up is a tricky thing, as is attempting to hold NSO directly accountable for the activities of its clients.

Apple is trying to show its position by claiming that end users are just loan software it creates, so iPhone users targeted by NSO malware actually see their rented homes damaged by home invaders. Apple is the owner, so to speak, so it thinks it owes direct compensation for something that has happened to its tenants. That’s a dangerous argument to make, given it’s the same one the DOJ made when it tried to force Apple to break the encryption on the San Bernardino shooter’s iPhone.

The accused violated and attempted to violate 18 USC § 1030 (a) (2) because they intentionally accessed and attempted to access the iOS operating system on Apple users’ devices without authorization and, upon information and belief, obtained information from the devices of Apple users.

The defendants violated 18 USC § 1030 (a) (4) because they knowingly and with intent to defraud accessed the operating system on Apple users’ devices without authorization using information from Apple’s servers. ‘Apple then installed highly invasive spyware on the devices of these Apple users, and by means of such conduct fostered the intended fraud and obtained something of value.

[…]

Apple retains ownership of its operating system software in accordance with its software license agreements.

We’ll see which stretch works best. Apple wants to be able to represent the users who have been targeted, citing its licenses and its own (seemingly minimal) expense related to fixing security vulnerabilities. NSO, on the other hand, will want to withdraw from this lawsuit and has made its own creative arguments to defend itself against the WhatsApp litigation.

It remains to be seen whether her argument that she cannot be sued directly for the actions of her clients will convince the court to dismiss WhatsApp’s lawsuit. But he has already seen another of his defenses shot down on appeal, which refused to extend sovereign immunity to the private company that sold exploits to government agencies. The Ninth Circuit refused to accept the argument that selling products to government agencies makes it an extension of that government agency for immunity purposes.

We’ll see what the court will do with it. We already know that at least one of NSO’s defenses is ruled out by precedent. But we shouldn’t necessarily be cheering on Apple just because the target of its lawsuit is wrong. A move in favor of Apple’s CFAA claims could prove disastrous for researchers and others who circumvent terms of service restrictions for far less malicious reasons.

From the good side, Apple distributes a lot of money to researchers who exposed many wrongdoing from the customers of NSO Group.

Apple commends groups like the Citizen Lab and Amnesty Tech for their groundbreaking work to identify cyber surveillance abuses and help protect victims. To further bolster efforts like these, Apple will pay $ 10 million, along with any damages caused by the lawsuit, to organizations pursuing cyber surveillance research and advocacy.

Apple will also support accomplished Citizen Lab researchers with technical, threat intelligence, and pro bono engineering assistance to facilitate their independent research mission and, where appropriate, provide the same assistance to other organizations performing work. essential in this space.

In addition to this, Apple will continue to inform users that it believes they have been targeted by NSO malware, which will only result in more negative press for the malware vendor. If NSO wanted to be seen as a skilled warrior in the fight against international crime and terrorism, it missed that chance when it decided to sell off to notorious human rights abusers and engage in zero surveillance. of the use of its products. He has earned the reputation he has now and will carry with him forever no matter how this trial goes.

Thanks for reading this Techdirt post. With so much competing for attention these days, we really appreciate you giving us your time. We work hard every day to bring quality content to our community.

Techdirt is one of the few media that is still truly independent. We don’t have a giant company behind us, and we rely heavily on our community to support us, at a time when advertisers are less and less interested in sponsoring small independent sites – especially a site like ours that does not want to put his finger on his reports. and analysis.

While other websites have resorted to pay walls, registration requirements, and increasingly annoying / intrusive advertising, we’ve always kept Techdirt open and accessible to everyone. But to continue this way, we need your support. We offer our readers a variety of ways to support us, from direct donations to special subscriptions and cool products – and every little bit counts. Thank you.

–The Techdirt team

Filed under: cfaa, exploits, iphones, license, malware, property, research, spyware
Companies: apple, nso group

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Presentation of 44 LABEL GROUP, the missing link between clubwear & couture https://proactnow.org/presentation-of-44-label-group-the-missing-link-between-clubwear-couture/ Fri, 26 Nov 2021 12:55:02 +0000 https://proactnow.org/presentation-of-44-label-group-the-missing-link-between-clubwear-couture/

The signs of urban gentrification are usually revealing: unbearably pretentious organic bakeries; sans serif fonts; daddy-cap wearing underdogs dressed as a Mac DeMarco support number. All of this is true in Neukölln, Berlin, but despite its relatively recent crowning of the city’s “hipster”, it’s a place that still retains a charming brutal flavor. If you find yourself in the German capital and need some questionable drugs, a cheap doner, or, uh, a Blockbuster rental shop, hop on line U8 and head to Hermannstraße.

If anyone is familiar with Neukölln’s changing face, it’s Max Kobosil. A child of die Wende, the techno producer grew up in the neighborhood and still lives there. These days, the former Berghain resident is having a great time, playing shows from Miami to Madrid in any given month. It’s a notoriously taxing lifestyle, but one that has brought him to meet people from all over the world – Italian fashion entrepreneur Claudio Antonioli being one of them.

For some time now, high fashion brands have been trying their hand at all the clubwear schtick, but with varying degrees of success. What they often lack is authenticity; can you really transfer the spirit of Panorama Bar into clothes if you’ve never been around with watery eyes and chewing your face up close on a Sunday night? Or, to paraphrase Bane in The dark knight rises, some only adopted techno, Kobosil was born from it.

It was this reality that prompted Antonioli, a nightlife lover, to sign Kobosil’s 44 LABEL GROUP merchandise label in his Dreamers Factory incubator. The idea is to make the kind of rave gear that has never been seen before. Stuff that can stand up to a hardcore party weekend, but built with the kind of fabrics you’ll find on Parisian catwalks. It’s a mutual bond: a bond forged both by a love of electronic music and equally cool clothing.

Ahead of the Spring / Summer 22 full-scale release, featuring stills and videos shot by the inimitable Matt Lambert, I sat down with Kobosil to find out more about the project so far. Read below and shop the collection here.

When did you start DJing at Berghain?

I became a resident there when I was 22. The fashion part was a happy accident. I started releasing my merchandise in 2018 because I wanted the community to have something that binds us together on the dance floor. We were selling so much on every outing that my friends and I were constantly working at my mom’s house packing and shipping the orders every week.

Around the same time, I met Claudio [Antonioli] and we immediately clicked. We had the same tastes in music but also in art.

So it was almost like a DIY merch project at first?

Yeah, but I was really obsessed with quality. It wasn’t your regular merchandise that is printed on generic shirts. I went to many vendors before I found the quality that I liked and wanted to wear on my own. This process never actually ended, and with every drop I have strived to improve and change things in terms of shapes and quality. It’s visible in T-shirts if you have one with every drop.

Basically, I wanted to create a t-shirt that would last “forever”, but also get old. I found a technique called “discharge printing” where you bleach the fabric instead of just printing on it. By doing this, the print will not naturally peel or fade, only the fabric of the black T-shirt it is printed on. I think of it like a scar. The body changes but the scar remains forever.

So you were thinking about all of these things before you even met Claudio?

Exactly. Now I am able to produce advanced stuff like cargo pants, bombers, coats, bags, etc. which wouldn’t have been possible before. I needed a larger and more professional team to make it a full-fledged fashion brand.

The term “clubwear” interests me a lot because it is constantly evolving and changing; how would you define it in 2021?

For me, clubwear is fluid, sweaty, sexy, rough and functional. I had my first club experience when I was 14 and since then I have dressed specially for the nightlife. A lot of brands use this subculture for inspiration, but the difference is that I came from it natively. There is nothing else I know better than techno, clubs and nightlife. This is my first real love.

How has the Berlin club scene changed for you in recent years?

Berlin in general has changed a lot, especially the neighborhood [Neukölln] where I was born, where I grew up and where I still live. At the beginning, there were not so many visitors, the atmosphere was more tense. It was multicultural and I loved it. That a lot of people come and settle in Berlin is a good thing, although there are notable drawbacks: higher rents, for example.

If I imagined a club full of real Berliners, that would be boring. It’s great to have people from all over the world meeting in these places because there are so many interesting stories and so many unique ideas being exchanged.

Have you always been a fan of luxury fashion?

I spent a large chunk of my initial DJ fees on clothes. I loved fashion and always thought about what I wanted to wear. When I look back I think it was almost like an investment. I got to explore and learn about the materials and construction, what country they came from etc. I also compared different clothes from different brands and figured out what I liked the most. It really opened my eyes to the art of fashion.

Today I see a lot of big traditional fashion brands inspired and influenced by rave culture or clubbing. What we do is reverse the game. I grew up in this culture and I want to show my vision of it mixed with that of my childhood in Berlin to the fashion scene and to the world.

Your graphics are wild!

I do them myself. I work with run-level designers to help finalize the artwork into print-ready files, but the creative direction and output comes from me. Both for 44 LABEL GROUP and for my label, R Label Group.

I work a lot with my hands. My sister is a dentist and I wanted to do something with the teeth, so I asked her to get some real human teeth and bring them to me. When I got them, I arranged them in smiley faces on a black cloth and took pictures. I also made a unique pattern for an all-over print. You can see the result in our recent SS22 collection. For FW22, I used my hands again to create patterns.

How did it go with Matt Lambert?

It was super nice. Matt is grounded and a true artist. It’s a great honor for sure. He is closely linked to the club scene and has a lot of experience; the ideal partner to visually convey the spirit of 44 LABEL GROUP. The cast of the video is 100% authentic. It was important to me that we included real ravers, friends and other techno artists. One of them, Aiden, is releasing an EP on my label next year. She is an incredibly talented professional producer and model.

Another talent seen in the video is Raven which I discovered through mutual friends. She released an EP on the label of Amélie Lens, a close friend for over 10 years.

What’s next then?

We have just released the capsule with our exclusive partner in Berlin GATE194. Everything sold out in just two days. We did not expect that! 70 percent had already left at the Berlin release event, which really made me proud.

At the moment, we are already working hard on our FW22 collection. In terms of distribution, the brand is now more established. We are in key stores in key global markets and we will also be doing another presentation at Milan Fashion Week in January 2022. I look forward to that.

What could be more fun, being a DJ or a designer?

Both worlds have their advantages and disadvantages. It’s just as important for me because I get inspired a lot by visiting different clubs and countries. I travel all over the world, and it is an inexhaustible source of inspiration that I use for my fashion brand.

I’m in New York one day, visiting stores during the day, and DJing at night. The next day, I am already elsewhere and drawn into the energy of this metropolis. It really goes hand in hand.

What I underestimated a bit is that I also have a double workload. When I had free time during the week, I am now in Milan and I work during the day in my design office. I had 17 concerts last month and sometimes I don’t come back to Berlin for weeks. But I’m not complaining. I do what I love and have my family, my friends and my health, and on the weekends today I don’t just try out new music, but also new clothes!


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India’s Tata in Talks to Create $ 300 Million Semiconductor Assembly Unit, Telecom News, ET Telecom https://proactnow.org/indias-tata-in-talks-to-create-300-million-semiconductor-assembly-unit-telecom-news-et-telecom/ Fri, 26 Nov 2021 09:56:00 +0000 https://proactnow.org/indias-tata-in-talks-to-create-300-million-semiconductor-assembly-unit-telecom-news-et-telecom/ India’s Tata group is in talks with three states to invest up to $ 300 million in setting up a semiconductor assembly and testing unit, two sources familiar with the matter said as part of the process. of the conglomerate’s push into high-tech manufacturing.

Tata is in talks with the southern states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Telangana and is looking for land for the outsourced semiconductor assembly and testing plant (OSAT), the sources said, refusing to be identified because the matter is not public.

While Tata has previously said it will likely move into the semiconductor business, this is the first time the group has been made aware of the group’s foray into the industry and its scale.

An OSAT factory conditions, assembles and tests foundry-made silicon wafers, turning them into finished semiconductor chips.

Tata has looked at some potential locations for the plant, one of the sources said, adding that a location is likely to be finalized by next month.

“Although they (Tata) are very strong on the software side of things… hardware is something they want to add to their portfolio, which is very critical for long-term growth,” the source said.

The Tata Group and the Tri-States did not respond to requests for comment.

The Information Technology Manufacturers Association (MAIT) had said the government should allocate Rs 20,000 crore under the PLI program for computer hardware to boost the manufacture of personal computers, tablets and of servers in the country.

Tata’s push will bolster Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s “Make in India” campaign for electronics manufacturing, which has already helped make the South Asian country the world’s second-largest smartphone maker.

The Tata Group, which controls India’s leading exporter of software services Tata Consultancy Services and has interests in everything from automobiles to aviation, plans to invest in high-end electronics and digital businesses, said previously its president N. Chandrasekaran.

Potential customers for Tata’s OSAT business include companies such as Intel, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), and STMicroelectronics.

The factory is expected to start operations at the end of next year and could employ up to 4,000 workers, the source said, adding that the availability of skilled labor at the right cost was key to viability. long term of the project.

“Once Tata starts up, the ecosystem will recover… So finding the right place from a workforce perspective is very critical,” the source said.

In addition, Tata is already building a high-tech electronics manufacturing plant in the southern state of Tamil Nadu.

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KKR invests in Taylor’s Education Group | Business and finance https://proactnow.org/kkr-invests-in-taylors-education-group-business-and-finance/ Thu, 25 Nov 2021 06:31:58 +0000 https://proactnow.org/kkr-invests-in-taylors-education-group-business-and-finance/

KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia – (BUSINESS WIRE) – November 25, 2021–

Global investment firm KKR and Southeast Asian high-end private educator Taylor’s Education Group (“TEG”) today announced the signing of agreements under which KKR will acquire a minority stake in Taylor’s Schools. Taylor’s Schools owns and operates six award-winning international schools: Garden International School, Nexus International School Singapore, Nexus International School Malaysia, Australian International School Malaysia, Taylor’s International School Kuala Lumpur and Taylor’s International School Puchong. KKR’s investment positions Taylor’s Schools to accelerate regional growth and expansion.

Focused on the K-12 education system, Taylor’s Schools seeks to empower its learners to become productive leaders in the global community through innovative and creative teaching and learning methods, preparing them for future opportunities. Taylor’s Schools is a member of TEG, a leading private education institution in Malaysia, Singapore and Vietnam. Other education-focused verticals under the TEG umbrella include Taylor’s University, Taylor’s College, The British University Vietnam, and Taylor’s Hostel Management, among others. These educational establishments remain the exclusive property of TEG.

Commenting on this investment, Dato ‘Loy Teik Ngan, Executive Chairman of Taylor’s Schools, said: “Over the years, Taylor’s Schools has grown in importance as a premier international school education provider in Malaysia and Singapore. . With the intention of expanding our portfolio of international schools in the ASEAN region, we are honored that KKR has decided to collaborate with us in the next phase of our growth. We see their choice as a firm adherence to the strategy of our K-12 schools platform. We believe their commitment to building and maintaining long-term strategic partnerships is right for us. They will complement our strength in education operations with their regional network, their expertise in mergers and acquisitions as well as their access to capital.

“TEG will remain the majority shareholder of Taylor’s Schools and we are delighted that the current management team continues to manage our schools. We will ensure that the world-class K-12 international education that we are known for and that our community of parents and students expects is supported, ”he added.

SJ Lim, Managing Director of KKR, added: “We are delighted with this opportunity to share our knowledge and provide a vital solution to Taylor’s Schools in its ambition to grow further in the region and provide quality educational experiences. to more students. Under the leadership of the Taylor’s Schools management team, all four brands have consistently performed well in school and we are confident they are poised for more success. KKR also seeks to leverage our operational experience, global network and education expertise to further enhance Taylor’s Schools offerings.

Among its other areas of focus in Southeast Asia, KKR seeks to support leading family businesses that significantly contribute to the region’s economic prosperity, in their efforts to build sustainable businesses in the next generation. KKR’s diverse and multi-asset investment platform gives KKR the flexibility to support ambitious businesses with a suite of comprehensive and tailored financing solutions, enhanced by its global experience and operational capabilities. In the field of education, KKR has accumulated a solid experience in Asia and the world, notably through investments in Lighthouse Learning (formerly EuroKids International), one of India’s leading providers of education services, Cognita Schools , a UK-based global group of private schools, EQuest Education, a leading provider of education services in Vietnam, and Education Perfect, a leading educational technology company in Australia and New -Zeeland. KKR invests in Taylor’s Schools from its managed funds.

Rothschild & Co. is the sole financial advisor to Taylor’s Schools and its shareholders in connection with the transaction.

About Taylor’s Education Group

Taylor’s Education Group is one of the largest private education groups in Malaysia with 20,000 students. It has established itself as a highly regarded quality education provider and over the past decade has expanded its business to Singapore and Vietnam. With an unmatched track record accumulated over seven decades, Taylor’s has earned a reputation as Malaysia’s premier private education provider and offers a wide range of educational institutions from preschool to postgraduate courses. Among its higher education institutions, Taylor’s University is currently ranked # 1 for private universities in Malaysia and Southeast Asia by the QS World University Rankings 2022 and, along with Taylor’s College, has consistently won People’s Choice awards at over the past decade, as well as received recognition from several professional bodies around the world.

KKR is a leading global investment firm providing alternative asset management, capital markets and insurance solutions. KKR aims to generate attractive returns on investment by following a patient and disciplined approach to investing, employing world-class people and supporting the growth of its portfolio companies and communities. KKR sponsors investment funds that invest in private equity, credit and real assets and has strategic partners that manage hedge funds. KKR’s insurance subsidiaries offer pension, life and reinsurance products under the leadership of The Global Atlantic Financial Group. References to KKR’s investments may include the activities of its sponsored funds and insurance subsidiaries. For more information on KKR & Co. Inc. (NYSE: KKR), please visit the KKR website at www.kkr.com and on Twitter @ KKR — Co.

Chief Operating Officer, Taylor’s Schools

Vice President Marketing, Taylor’s Schools

KEYWORD: ASIA PACIFIC MALAYSIA

INDUSTRY KEYWORD: FINANCE BANKING PROFESSIONAL SERVICES PRIMARY / SECONDARY EDUCATION

Copyright Business Wire 2021.

PUB: 25/11/2021 01:30 / DISC: 25/11/2021 01:31

Copyright Business Wire 2021.

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Pro Choice Group sues Sasol and its service providers – Ridge Times https://proactnow.org/pro-choice-group-sues-sasol-and-its-service-providers-ridge-times/ Tue, 23 Nov 2021 04:01:54 +0000 https://proactnow.org/pro-choice-group-sues-sasol-and-its-service-providers-ridge-times/

Sasol is the largest of 10 companies to appear before the Middelburg High Court on Tuesday, November 30 for pressuring their employees to take the Covid-19 vaccine.

The Pro Choice group is suing these companies.

Pro Choice is a group that advocates for freedom of choice in immunization and other issues.

This group made an urgent court request for an interim court order to ban and prevent Sasol and the nine service providers from discriminating against unvaccinated and healthy workers and requiring all their employees to provide proof of a Covid-19 vaccination or a Covid-19 Test Result every seven days before entering Sasol sites.

The founder of this group, Ms Hannetjie Venter, said that she is not just fighting for her family, but for all those affected by it.

She approached a lawyer, Mr. Sabelo Sibanda, who has a particular interest in criminal law and human rights work, as well as an activist, Ms. Debbie Els, to assist the group in this case.

Mr Sibanda and Ms Els have visited Secunda twice to speak to disgruntled employees who do not wish to be vaccinated against Covid-19 and to give them advice on the way forward.

Another lawyer, Mr. Cassius Loliwe, is also working on the case and helping the group.

They also started building a case and Sasol was due to appear in court in September, but four days before their court appearance, they sent a letter to Pro Choice’s legal team stating that they had stopped the vaccination.

The Pro Choice group then withdrew the case because they would then have had no legal basis on which to stand.

However, according to Ms Venter, on the same day Sasol was due to appear in court in September, the company sent a letter to some employees, stating that it was demanding that all employees be vaccinated by December 31 or that employees should produce a negative Covid-19 test every seven days at their expense.

“It is our human right to decide not to get vaccinated,” Ms. Venter said.

“It is unconstitutional to require employees to be vaccinated or provide a negative test every seven days.

“Now is the time to act against those things that a few people think are right.

“Take action for your future and the future of those you love.”

The Pro Choice group then again prepared a case and will take legal action against Sasol and the nine service providers at the end of November.

When the Peak time reported on Sasol’s vaccination position against Covid-19 in August this year, Ms Matebello Motloung, senior media relations specialist at Sasol, said Sasol supports the view that the implementation of Mitigation measures, including vaccinations during a pandemic, is primarily in the interest of public health and safety for the greater good of society.

She also said that Sasol considers the vaccination of the workforce involved in on-site activities during the shutdown period as a necessary and effective measure to mitigate the increased exposure to Covid-19 in the workplace and the risk of its spread.

“We do this while recognizing that immunization remains an individual’s choice, a choice that must be exercised with due regard for individual rights and without any fear of discrimination or reprisal,” Motloung said in August.

“This is underpinned by Sasol’s human rights policy.

“It is for this reason that employees who will participate in on-site activities during the downtime must submit either proof of vaccination or a negative Covid-19 test (an antigen test will be accepted) result not not older than seven days. before the start of shutdown activities, and to be repeated during the shutdown period every seven days.

“This, in our view, is also in the interest of public health, given the prevailing pandemic.

“Sasol is working with national and provincial authorities on vaccination protocols and other pandemic response interventions. “

Sasol then decided to pay for the Covid-19 tests they needed every seven days and they had testing stations on site to make it easier for employees to test.

Ms Venter said members of the group were concerned about the compensation fund as the state refers people who have reactions after receiving the Covid-19 vaccine to the compensation fund.

“What is the difference between the compensation fund and their work?” Ms. Venter said.

“Does the community know what the conditions are for claiming from the compensation fund?

“The requirements are ridiculous, you have to prove that you had no blood clots before being vaccinated, that you had no neurological problems and that the company you work for that made you get vaccinated has a company policy and a risk assessment. policy in place.

“At the end of the day, the fund probably won’t compensate you.

“Where in our history has an employer sought certain medical treatment from an employee and then refused to pay for it like Sasol now refuses to pay for negative tests every seven days?

“Isn’t that bullying?” “

The Peak time asked Sasol’s communications department about this issue and spokesperson Ms Nomia Machebe acknowledged receipt of the newspaper’s request for comment and said Sasol would respond as soon as possible.

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Hamas reacts with fury as Britain decides to ban the group | New https://proactnow.org/hamas-reacts-with-fury-as-britain-decides-to-ban-the-group-new/ Fri, 19 Nov 2021 12:22:26 +0000 https://proactnow.org/hamas-reacts-with-fury-as-britain-decides-to-ban-the-group-new/

Hamas condemned Britain’s decision to ban the group as a terrorist organization that could see supporters of the Palestinian movement face up to 14 years in prison.

Interior Minister Priti Patel, who will advocate for the ban in parliament next week, argued on Friday that it was not possible to distinguish between the political and military wings of Hamas. She called Hamas “fundamentally and fiercely anti-Semitic,” adding that the outlaw was necessary to protect the Jewish community.

Hamas responded in a statement, saying: “Instead of apologizing and correcting its historic sin against the Palestinian people… [Britain] supports the aggressors at the expense of the victims.

The comment referred to the Balfour Declaration and the British Mandate, which he said handed “Palestinian land back to the Zionist movement.”

“Resisting occupation, by all available means, including armed resistance, is a right guaranteed by international law to those under occupation,” the statement added.

The group called on its supporters to condemn the UK decision, as it called Israel’s occupation of Palestinian land, the forced displacement of Palestinians, the demolition of their homes and the siege of more than two “terrorism”. million people in the Gaza Strip.

Patel, who is traveling to Washington, DC, said his decision was “based on a wide range of intelligence, information and also links to terrorism.”

“The seriousness of this speaks for itself,” she said.

In 2017, Patel was forced to resign as UK secretary for international development after failing to disclose meetings with senior Israeli officials while on a private vacation trip to the country.

She met then Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and then opposition leader Yair Lapid.

The military wing of the Qassam Brigades of the Palestinian movement that rules the Gaza Strip has been banned in Britain since March 2001.

An outright ban under the Terrorism Act 2000 will align the UK with the US and the European Union.

If Patel’s candidacy is successful, he will be prohibited from carrying the Hamas flag, organizing a meeting with its members, or wearing clothing supporting the group.

Politically, this could force Britain’s main opposition group to take a stand on Hamas, given the strong pro-Palestinian support among the most left-wing members of the Labor Party.

Earlier this month, a man appeared in UK court for wearing T-shirts supporting the armed wing of Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, which the UK banned in 2005.

Three times in June, Feras Al Jayoosi, 34, wore the clothes in the Golders Green area of ​​north London, which has a large Jewish population.

Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett applauded the news, calling Hamas a “radical Islamic group that targets innocent Israelis and seeks to destroy Israel”.

“I welcome the UK’s intention to declare Hamas a terrorist organization in its entirety – because that is exactly what it is,” he tweeted.

Lapid, now Minister of Foreign Affairs, said in a statement: “There is no legitimate part of a terrorist organization, and any attempt at differentiation … is artificial”.

Lapid said the move was the result of “joint efforts” between the British and Israeli governments.

Founded in 1987, Hamas is against Israel’s occupation of the Palestinian territories.

Gaza-based Hamas won the 2006 Palestinian legislative elections, defeating nationalist rival Fatah. He took military control of Gaza the following year.

An 11-day Israeli assault on Gaza in May this year killed at least 250 Palestinians, including 66 children. According to Israeli officials, 13 people, including two children, were killed in Israel by Hamas rockets.


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