Factbox-No consensus in Congress to make DST permanent

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Legislation stalled in the U.S. Congress to make daylight saving time permanent after the Senate in March unanimously passed by voice vote a bill that would have ended the observation standard time from 2023 and the practice of changing clocks twice a year.

Clocks in the United States will revert to standard time at 2 a.m. EDT on Sunday with no consensus on the issue.

“There are a wide variety of opinions on whether to maintain the status quo, move to permanent time, and if so, what time it should be,” said Frank Pallone, chairman of the commission of the Energy and Commerce of the United States House of Representatives. “These opinions are not broken down by party, but rather by region. We don’t want to make a hasty change and see it overturned several years later after public opinion has turned against it – which is exactly what is happening. happened in the early 1970s.”

Here are some of the arguments for and against a change:

FOR: Senator Ed Markey, a Democrat from Massachusetts: “As the sun sets on our sun and we enter a long and dark winter, Congress has a chance to do something almost unheard of in the wake of a midterm election: pass bipartisan legislation. Now that the Senate has voted unanimously to pass the Sunshine Protection Act, I am sending beams of support to the House to get this done so Americans don’t have to suffer in the dark.”

Tuesday’s midterm elections will determine which party controls Congress.

ANTI: National Association of Convenience Stores: “We shouldn’t let kids go to school in the dark. It is the balancing of these diverse interests that has led us to the longstanding policy of changing our clocks in the spring and fall to make the most of them. we can know the daylight we have at different times of the year… The current daylight saving time system is good for business, energy efficiency and preventing traffic accidents.

FOR: Senator Marco Rubio, a Republican from Florida: “So we’re doing this back and forth for about 16 weeks of standard time a year. I think the majority of Americans would rather just stop the back and there’s strong science behind it that now shows and raises awareness of the damage caused by clock switching.We are seeing an increase in heart attacks, car crashes and pedestrian crashes over the week[s] that follow the changes.”

ANTI: The Orthodox Jewish group Agudath Israel of America says it is concerned about the impacts on the safety of children going to school in the dark and the impact on morning prayers.

“According to Jewish law, morning prayers and the rituals associated with them are regulated in a specific time and must not be performed earlier than certain specified times. Synagogue times adapt to these times With a change in daylight saving time and later sunrise, the times of prayers and the rituals that accompany them will be disrupted, which, in turn, will jeopardize their proper fulfillment, discourage the attendance of the synagogue and will result in a late arrival at work.”

FOR: Senator James Lankford, a Republican from Oklahoma: “I don’t know a parent of a young child who would object to getting rid of the leap forward or the step back. Congress created DST decades ago as a war effort, now it’s over it’s time to lock the clock and end this experiment.”

ANTI: Beth Malow, professor and director of pediatrics at the Vanderbilt Sleep Division at Vanderbilt University Medical Center:

“Daylight saving time is like living in the wrong time zone for almost eight months a year…Standard time is the healthy choice because it maximizes light on winter mornings, when we need it to wake up and become alert, and minimize light during summer evenings, when it can interfere with our sleep.Permanent year-round standard time is the best match for our biological sleep-wake cycle .

(Reporting by David Shepardson; editing by Grant McCool)

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